Another consideration in the production and sale of puppies is distribution.
Will the puppies be sold directly to consumers who may drive to the facility and see the animals prior to purchase? Or will the puppies be sold to pet stores, online (through websites or other posts — sight unseen), or brokers (who re-sale the animals to pet stores)?
The answer can determine if a federal license is required.
Who are the puppies sold to?
Certificates of Veterinary Inspection (CVI) are required to be filed when animals are transported across state lines.
Animal Folks' research shows that Winona County breeders are shipping and selling to brokers and pet stores out of Minnesota, such as to Petland.
For examples of brokers and pet stores that Winona County breeders sell to, go to ISSUE.
Animal welfare is not reserved for the state government either.
The MN Board of Animal Health (BAH) has been given the authority to regulate dog and cat breeding kennels under Minn. Stat. sec. 347.57-.65. However, state and local laws overlap. (Example: The state may set a minimum wage per law; but local laws may make the wage higher, as is the case in the city of Minneapolis. This action is constitutional.)
Two examples: Because mental health is so important, required socialization and enrichment of each dog with adequate staffing of the facility for daily observation of the animals' well-being were specifically added to the Minnesota dog and cat breeder law (Minn. Stat. sec. 347.57-.65). The statutory language reads:
A Companion Animal Board bill has been introduced at the Minnesota State Legislature to address companion animal issues. This bill will establish a board with experts in companion animal health and well-being. Once passed, enforcement of the dog and cat breeder law, including licensing and inspections, will be transferred to the Companion Animal Board. (The dog and cat breeder law is currently housed with the MN Board of Animal Health (BAH) whose mission is control of dangerous animal disease with a primary focus on livestock production.) Learn more about the Companion Animal Board bill at: www.mncab.org